Tuesday 13 Mar 2018 6:20 am metro.co.uk
Bookkeeper of Auschwitz Oskar Groening dies aged 96 without ever serving time for his part in 300,000 murders
Richard Hartley-Parkinson

A former Nazi death camp guard dubbed the ‘Bookkeeper of Auschwitz’ has died before he could begin serving his four-year sentence, a lawyer told German prosecutors.

Hannover prosecutor Kathrin Soefker said a lawyer informed her office that Oskar Groening, 96, died in a hospital on Friday.

The office is awaiting an official death certificate, Ms Soefker said.

The lawyer, Hans Holtermann, did not immediately respond to a request for confirmation.

Groening’s death first was reported by German weekly Der Spiegel on Monday.

He was convicted in Lueneburg in 2015 as an accessory to the murder of 300,000 Jews.

The Lueneburg court concluded that although there was no evidence of involvement in a specific killing, Groening knew that Jews were being slaughtered at the German death camp and supported the killings through his actions.

Groening testified at his trial that he oversaw the collection of prisoners’ belongings at Auschwitz and ensured valuables and cash were separated to be sent to Berlin – the actions that earned him the ‘Bookkeeper of Auschwitz’ label.

He said he witnessed individual atrocities, but did not acknowledge participating in any crimes.

All of his appeals were rejected, and it was only his ill health that kept him from being sent to prison in recent years.

Most recently, his lawyers made one final bid for clemency, a decision on which was still pending.

Efraim Zuroff, the head Nazi hunter for the Simon Wiesenthal Centre, said it was unfortunate that Groening’s conviction did not result in ‘at least symbolic justice’ for the victims of Auschwitz.

In 2011, former Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk became the first person convicted in Germany solely for serving as a death camp guard without evidence of being involved in a specific killing.

Demjanjuk, who always denied serving at the Sobibor camp, died before his appeal could be heard.

In 2016, former SS sergeant Reinhold Hanning was convicted on 170,000 counts of accessory to murder for serving as an Auschwitz guard.

He, too, died before he could begin serving his five-year-sentence.

Hanning apologised for his wartime service, telling Holocaust survivors that ‘it disturbs me deeply’ to have been a part of the Nazis’ genocidal machinery.